Following a Japanese occupation in the 1940s, the Vietnamese fought French rule in the First Indochina War, eventually expelling the French in 1954.
Thereafter, Vietnam was divided politically into two rival states, North and South Vietnam.
Conflict between the two sides intensified in what is known as the Vietnam War.
The name has also been found on 12 steles carved in the 16th and 17th centuries, including one at Bao Lam Pagoda in Haiphong that dates to 1558.
In 1802, Nguyễn Phúc Ánh established the Nguyễn dynasty, and in the second year, he asked the Qing Emperor Jiaqing to confer him the title 'King of Nam Viet/Nanyue'(南越 in Chinese), but the Grand Secretariat of Qing dynasty pointed out that the name Nam Viet/Nanyue includes regions of Guangxi and Guangdong in China, and 'Nguyễn Phúc Ánh only has Annam, which is simply the area of our old Jiaozhi (交趾), how can they be called Nam Viet/Nanyue?
' Then, as recorded, '(Qing dynasty) rewarded Yuenan/Vietnam(越南) as their nation's name, ..., to also show that they are below the region of Baiyue/Bach Viet'.
Archaeological excavations have revealed the existence of humans in what is now Vietnam as early as the Paleolithic age.
Its successful economic reforms resulted in its joining the World Trade Organization in 2007.