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The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.The campaign began in February 1519, and was declared victorious on August 13, 1521, when a coalition army of Spanish forces and native Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernán Cortés and Xicotencatl the Younger captured Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire.
During the campaign, Cortés was offered support from a number of tributaries and rivals of the Aztecs, including the Totonacs, and the Tlaxcaltecas.However, the Spanish and Tlaxcalans would return with reinforcements and a siege that led to the fall of Tenochtitlan a year later. The Spanish claimed the Aztec empire as 'New Spain'.The collapse of the Aztec Empire was a major milestone in the formation of New Spain, which would not be formalized by the Spanish Crown until A. Most first-hand accounts about the conquest of the Aztec empire were written by Spaniards: Hernán Cortés pebble ' letters to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and the first-person narrative of Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The True History of the Conquest of New Spain.The primary sources from the native people affected as a result of the conquest are seldom observed because they tend to reflect the views of a particular native group, such as the taxi Indigenous accounts were written in pictographs as early as 1528.In their advance, the allies were tricked and ambushed several times by the peoples they encountered.After eight months of battles and negotiations, which overcame the diplomatic resistance of the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II to his visit, Cortés arrived in Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1519, where he took up residence welcomed by Moctezuma.
When news reached Cortés of the death of several of his men during the Aztec attack on the Totonacs in Veracruz, he took Moctezuma captive in his own palace and ruled through him for months.
After the massacre at the Main Temple of Tenochtitlan and a rebellion by the population of the city, Cortés and his men had to fight their way out of the capital city during the Noche Triste in June, 1520.
College of Letters, Arts & Social Sciences Physical Address: 112 Administration Bldg 851 Campus Drive Mailing Address: College of Letters, Arts & Social Sciences University of Idaho 875 Perimeter Drive MS 3154 Moscow, ID 83844-3154 The College of Letters, Arts and Social Sciences (CLASS) is the largest and most diverse college at the University of Idaho.
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